Monday, September 13, 2010

Who Was Melchizedek?

We start the broadcast today with a Facebook question from Richard who writes, “I would love help understanding what Hebrews 7:3 is communicating?” Of course that is the very enigmatic passage that you find concerning Melchizedek. He is described as “king of righteousness, and “king of Salem,” which means king of peace” (Heb. 7:2). He is also said to be “without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually” (Heb. 7:3, NIV).

We should note immediately that the Bible not only designates Melchizedek as “king of righteousness,” and “king of peace,” but overtly tells us that he is without father or mother, he is without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, and that like the Son of God he remains a priest forever. So though he did not trace his descent from Levi, yet the Bible tells us that Melchizedek collected a tenth from Abraham, and then blessed Abraham who had the promises (Heb. 7:2, 4). And then the text tells us without a doubt the lesser person—Abraham—is blessed by the greater person—Melchizedek. In the one case, the tenth is collected by men who die and in the other case by him who is declared to be the living, so note that in contrast to men, who die, Melchizedek is declared to be the living (Heb. 7:5-10).

Despite of all the evidence, of course, over the years one word caused me to question Melchizedek as a Christophany or a preincarnate appearance of Christ. That word is the word “like.” I thought that this might have been an analogy for Christ or a type of Christ. But at looking at this more clearly, I discovered that “like” is hardly a game changer. That particular Greek word, by the way, is only used once in the entirety of the New Testament. (I’m not saying “like” in English, but the Greek Word that was translated “like” in this particular context.) Therefore, I think it is unwise to be dogmatic about the definition of that word as translated into the English language.

If “like” is properly translated it doesn’t negate the notion of Melchizedek as a Christophany. All you have to do is look at the words of Daniel, where Daniel says, “In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence” (Dan. 7:13, NIV). And then contemplate the reality that despite the word “like” in that passage, Jesus combined this very passage with Psalm 110, which is that great coronation psalm, in evidence of the fact that He was in fact divine. And He used that argument before Caiaphas and the court that is condemning Him to death. So, again, the fact that the word “like” is there, shouldn’t cloud our understanding of the passage.

There’s little doubt in my mind in reading Hebrews 7 the great coronation Psalm 110 in which Melchizedek is also mentioned, and then the Genesis passage where Melchizedek appears to Abraham that this is a preincarnate appearance of Jesus Christ. It’s a Christophany very much like the Angel of the Lord appearing in the Old Testament.

What eventually changed my mind was looking at the biblical text. What initiated the looking at the biblical text was the Dead Sea Scrolls, quite frankly. The Melchizedek Scroll is a classic case in point where you find Melchizedek and the Almighty as words that are interchanged by the Essenes. So as they studied the Old Testament, they saw Melchizedek very clearly as the Almighty. Now the Dead Sea Scrolls are not the acid test, it is the Word of God that is the acid test, but it did cause me to look more closely at the biblical text.

Interpreting Scripture in light of Scripture, I think that it is very clear that Melchizedek is in fact a Christophany. He is in fact a preincarnate appearance of Jesus Christ.


Nick said...

What Hebrews 7:3 is referring to is the Priesthood - without father, without mother ... The Priesthood truly has no beginning and has no end.

This is why I love the Book of Mormon and the reality that God reveals his secrets through prophets (Amos 3:7) This Hebrews passage in the Bible is somewhat unclear until we have the clarity given by the prophet Joseph Smith.

And because I know the argument will be brought up about Joseph Smith, I invite anyone to do your research of what passages of the Bible Joseph Smith clarified, and how many of these clarifications have since been brought to light and corrected in various editions of the Bible today (not the LDS edition, but other editions)!

Lee Ostrander said...


Thank you so much for your boldness in stepping forward with a very Truthful Point from The Dead Sea Scrolls.

As I study Hebrews, I also have been touched by this important point about Melchizedek. I have also voiced this same point to others.

I like to use The Hebrew. I find The Strong's Hebrew is the most helpful to understand The Tanakh for the study of the older words which have been changed some to The Modern Hebrew meanings.

I love your program but KFAX dropped your spot and I have not found anyplace but the web to hear you.

Thanks again Brother Hank for pointing out The Truth.

Lee from Santa Rosa

Anonymous said...

Is it likely that Melcheizedek (Christ) was referenced as the one that walked (with Adama and Eve) the garden in the cool of the day? I don't have any doctrinal evidence, but that is how I've envisioned and rationalize who that was. Am I wrong?

Lloyd said...

I really enjoyed this post. Blessings. Lloyd

Clark Dunlap said...

I love ya Hank, and appreciate your ministry in the word but I think you missed it here. The word "like" can easily mean similar to or facsimile. This is a far from a slam dunk word, and the Essenes, while admirable folk, not only did not write scripture, as you point out, but were not apart of any prophetic or apostolic word from God. To think that Christ came to be the King of Salem, awaiting the day when he would go out and bless Abram, and compare that to the brief appearance with the children of Israel in the furnace is also a big stretch. Not saying God cannot do it.
I see the Hebrews 7 chapter as evidence to the Jews who were struggling in their faith, as an assurance that God had planned long ago that Christ would be the King/Priest, greater than both Aaron and Abram, who would set the example of the kind of redeemer He would send.